The local community is involved in small scale farming of foods crops and keeping of limited number of livestock. The food produced is mainly for home consumption and a balance if any for sale on the market. The livestock forms part of the savings for the head of the homestead to dispose off to overcome emergencies that require cash. The output from farming activities is low for a number of reasons including the following;
- The peasant farmer does not have capital to buy quality seeds , fertilizers and farm chemical;
- Due to limited capital majority of farmers still use a panga and a hoe to clear and prepare the land and they cannot therefore prepare a big piece of land ;
- The peasant farmer has no access to agricultural extension services from government;
- The farmer selection of crops is not driven by current and potential demand but only grows crops for own consumption
In order to improve the life of the rural farmers and overcome the above challenges , the farmers have to focus on preserving the environment in order to improve the soil fertility and engaging in farming activities that have a market demand. The concept of preserving environment and engaging in farming activities is quite alien to most local farmers hence the need of a model farm that is practicing it for purposes of transfer of knowledge.
Pearl of Africa Farm is a model farm that is engaged in farming activities using a sustainable faming approach. The farm has been established with aim of sharing information about various farming activities with the local farmers and other stakeholders. The knowledge plus the innovative approach to farming will enable the farmers to transform their farming activities.