Bee farming is about managing or keeping bees so that they can produce for you honey and other by-products. Bee farming can be started on a small scale with a few beehives being kept. Bee farming can also be done on a large scale if one has substantial initial capital injection for acquisition of bee equipment and provision of working for salaries of staff and other maintenance costs. In order to get better results from bee farming, the bees have to be kept in healthy and disease-free environment. The reasons for bee farming are many but the following are the key ones;
The initial capital expenditure on bee farming is reasonably high if one has to start a large scale bee farm. The capital is used to acquire bee equipment and to prepare an ideal place where the bee hives will be kept. The bee hives have to be securely and safely kept to avoid some insects and other creatures disturbing the bees. Once the bee farm is set, the maintenance costs are quite low. The bees collect their own food from flowering plants on the farm and within an environment of about two to three kilometres from the farm. The bees take themselves to the source of water and the source should be nearby. The disease challenges in bee farming are few. The security concerns are there but low.
Honey and honey by-products
The bee farming is mainly kept for honey and honey by-products. Twice or thrice times a year one can harvest a few kilos of honey from each beehive if the farm environment is ideal enough for flowering plants to flourish. Honey can be used in the home as a substitute of processed sugar. The honey and the honey by-products have high demand on the market.
The bee farming can be carried on as an income earning venture as it provides a stable source of revenue throughout the year through the sale of honey and the honey by-products for domestic and industrial use. The by-products include beeswax, pollen and royal jelly among others. The honey and the by-products are on high demand on the market for both domestic and industrial use. One would earn more if more effort is put in for value addition and marketing the honey under a brand name.
Pollination of crops
Bee farming promotes the production of bees which are agents of pollination of crops through transferring pollen grains between flowering plants. . Pollination therefore is the transfer of the male sex cells of a flower, from the anther where they are produced to the receptive surface, or stigma, of the female organ of a flower. The honey bee because handy in pollination because it is always looking for pollen and nectar to make honey. The honey bees therefore promote the production of good crop because the plants are adequately pollinated
There are a number of people who do not appreciate the importance of bees. They consider bees risky and they destroy them wherever they find them. Someone can earn a descent income by offering training in the best practices of bee farming. People have to be shown practically how to handle bees without being stung by them. Bee farming can be practiced both on a small and large scale. Bee farming can be carried on with a few beehives in your compound or veranda of your house. There are also good lessons of leadership, security, food storage, team spirit and hard work can easily be illustrated using bee farming.